2023-11-04 | Dr. Sanket Chakraverty
How to Properly Take Care of Your Braces?

Are you or a loved one currently on a journey to a beautifully aligned smile through orthodontic treatment with braces? If so, you're already familiar with the many benefits that braces offer in terms of achieving a straighter and healthier smile. However, it's crucial to remember that the success of your orthodontic treatment largely depends on how well you take care of your braces.

At Teeth Care Multispeciality Dental Clinic, we understand the importance of proper braces care. To ensure your orthodontic journey is as smooth and effective as possible, we've put together this comprehensive guide on how to properly take care of your dental braces in Kolkata. By following these guidelines, you'll not only protect your investment but also achieve the best possible results from your treatment.

Why is Proper Care for Braces Essential?

Before delving into the details of braces care, it's important to understand why taking care of your braces is so essential.

Braces serve a crucial orthodontic purpose by gradually moving your teeth into their proper positions. However, this process can only be improved if you properly care for your braces. Common issues that can arise from neglecting brace care include:

  • Damage to Brackets and Wires: Brackets are the small squares that are bonded to each tooth, while wires connect the brackets and apply pressure to move your teeth. Neglecting proper care can result in broken brackets or wires, leading to a longer treatment period.
  • Decalcification and Tooth Decay: Failing to maintain good oral hygiene with braces can cause white spots (decalcification) to appear on your teeth, which are early signs of tooth decay. Braces make it easier for food particles and plaque to accumulate, requiring diligent care.
  • Gingivitis and Gum Disease: Neglected oral hygiene can also lead to gum inflammation, gingivitis, and, in severe cases, gum disease. Healthy gums are essential for successful orthodontic treatment.
  • Discomfort and Pain: Proper care can also help minimize discomfort and pain associated with braces, making your orthodontic journey more comfortable.

Taking good care of your braces is not only about maintaining the equipment but also ensuring the success of your treatment and your overall oral health.

Understanding the Components of Braces

To properly care for your braces, you must first understand the various components that make up this orthodontic appliance. The main components of braces include:

  • Brackets: These are the small, square-shaped attachments that are bonded to the front of each tooth. Brackets serve as anchors for the wires.
  • Wires: Wires are what connect and apply pressure to the brackets. They are responsible for moving your teeth.
  • Bands: In some cases, orthodontists use bands (rings) that fit around the molars to anchor the wires.
  • Elastics: Elastics, or rubber bands, are used to create additional force or alignment in specific cases. They attach to hooks on the brackets.

Understanding the role and purpose of these components is essential in maintaining braces properly. Each component plays a crucial part in the movement and alignment of your teeth. Any damage or neglect of these parts can impact the effectiveness of your treatment.

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Daily Care and Maintenance

The daily care and maintenance of your braces are vital for ensuring a successful orthodontic treatment. Here are some key aspects of daily care:

Brushing and Flossing

Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial when you have braces. Here's how to brush and floss properly with braces:


  • Use a soft-bristle toothbrush.
  • Brush after every meal and before bedtime.
  • Brush at a 45-degree angle to remove food particles around the brackets and wires.
  • Be gentle to avoid damaging the brackets.
  • Don't forget to brush the chewing surfaces of your teeth.


  • Use a floss threader or orthodontic floss.
  • Gently thread the floss between the wires and teeth.
  • Carefully move the floss up and down to remove plaque and debris.
  • Floss once a day to prevent food buildup and plaque.

Proper brushing and flossing help maintain healthy teeth and gums during your orthodontic treatment. Inadequate oral hygiene can lead to white spots on your teeth, which may be permanent.

Food Restrictions

While you have braces, it's important to be mindful of the foods you consume. Some foods can damage brackets and wires, prolonging your treatment time. Foods to avoid include:

  • Hard and sticky foods: Examples include nuts, popcorn, gum, and hard candies.
  • Crunchy fruits and vegetables: While these are healthy, they can also damage your braces. Cut them into small pieces.
  • Chewy foods: Foods like bagels and tough meats can be problematic for braces.
  • Sugary foods and drinks: These can increase the risk of tooth decay.

Instead, opt for brace-friendly alternatives like soft fruits, steamed vegetables, and lean meats. Maintaining a proper diet can help prevent potential issues and complications.

Dental Check-ups

Regular dental visits are essential when you have braces. Your orthodontist will monitor your progress and make necessary adjustments to your braces. It's crucial to follow the recommended appointment schedule. During these visits, your orthodontist can address any concerns or issues you may have and ensure your treatment stays on track.

Managing Discomfort and Pain

It's common to experience some discomfort or soreness when you first get your braces and after adjustments. To manage this discomfort:

  • Rinse your mouth with warm saltwater.
  • Use over-the-counter pain relief if needed.
  • Apply orthodontic wax to brackets or wires that may be causing irritation.
  • Eat soft foods to minimize pressure on your teeth during discomfort.

If the discomfort persists or is severe, consult your orthodontist. They can make adjustments to alleviate the issue.

Handling Orthodontic Emergencies

Orthodontic emergencies can happen, and it's important to know how to handle them until you can see your orthodontist. Here are some common emergencies and what to do:

If a bracket breaks:

  1. Remove any loose pieces.
  2. Place orthodontic wax over any sharp or protruding edges to prevent irritation.
  3. Contact your orthodontist to schedule a repair appointment.
  4. Loose Wire

If a wire comes loose:

  1. Use tweezers to gently reposition the wire if possible.
  2. If the wire cannot be moved, use orthodontic wax to cover the sharp end.
  3. Contact your orthodontist for assistance.
  4. Irritated Cheeks or Lips

If your cheeks or lips are irritated:

  1. Apply orthodontic wax to any brackets or wires causing the irritation.
  2. Use a warm saltwater rinse to soothe the affected area.
  3. Contact your orthodontist for guidance.

It's crucial to address orthodontic emergencies promptly to avoid complications or discomfort.

Maintaining a Braces-Friendly Diet

Proper nutrition is essential for overall health, but it's especially important when you have braces. While some foods are off-limits, there are plenty of options that are both nutritious and brace-friendly:

  • Dairy Products: Milk, yogurt, and cheese are excellent for your teeth and bones.
  • Soft Fruits: Applesauce, bananas, and canned fruits are easy on your braces.
  • Vegetables: Steamed, sautéed, or cooked vegetables are a safe bet.
  • Lean Proteins: Choose soft meats, fish, or tofu for protein.
  • Grains: Oatmeal, pasta, and rice are gentle on braces.
  • Eggs: Scrambled or boiled eggs are a good source of protein.

It's essential to maintain a balanced diet during your orthodontic treatment to support your overall health and the success of your braces.

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Sports and Physical Activities with Braces

If you're involved in sports or physical activities, it's crucial to protect your braces, teeth, and mouth. Here's how to do it:

  • Use a Mouthguard: A mouthguard provides essential protection during sports. Your orthodontist can recommend the right type of mouthguard, which can be customized for your braces.
  • Wear a Helmet: If your sport involves the risk of head injuries, always wear a helmet to protect your braces and head.
  • Be Cautious: Be aware of your braces and try to avoid contact or injury to your mouth during sports or physical activities.

Remember that it's essential to communicate with your orthodontist if you have concerns or need special guidance on sports safety with braces.

Oral Health Beyond Braces

While your orthodontic journey may be focused on achieving a beautifully aligned smile, it's crucial to think about your oral health beyond braces. After your braces are removed, your orthodontist may recommend using retainers to maintain your results. Proper oral care remains just as important post-braces.

Continue to follow a good oral hygiene routine, including brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. This will help you maintain your newly aligned smile and ensure that all your hard work during treatment pays off.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I Still Eat My Favorite Foods While Wearing Braces?

While you can still enjoy many of your favorite foods, it's essential to be mindful of what you eat. Hard, sticky, or crunchy foods can damage your braces, so it's best to avoid them during your orthodontic treatment. Opt for brace-friendly alternatives and maintain a balanced diet to support your oral health.

How Can I Relieve Discomfort or Soreness Caused by Braces?

It's common to experience some discomfort or soreness when you first get your braces or after adjustments. To alleviate this, you can rinse your mouth with warm saltwater, use over-the-counter pain relief as directed, and apply orthodontic wax to any brackets or wires causing irritation. If the discomfort persists or is severe, don't hesitate to contact your orthodontist for guidance.

What Should I Do If a Bracket or Wire Breaks?

If a bracket or wire breaks, it's important to address the issue promptly. First, remove any loose pieces if possible. Then, cover any sharp or protruding edges with orthodontic wax to prevent irritation. Contact your orthodontist to schedule a repair appointment. Don't attempt to fix broken braces on your own, as it may lead to further complications.

How Often Should I Visit My Orthodontist for Adjustments?

The frequency of orthodontic adjustments can vary depending on your treatment plan and progress. In general, orthodontic appointments are scheduled every 4 to 8 weeks. Your orthodontist will determine the appropriate interval for your specific case and make necessary adjustments to your braces during these visits.

Can I Still Participate in Sports and Physical Activities with Braces?

Yes, you can participate in sports and physical activities with braces. However, it's crucial to protect your braces, teeth, and mouth. Using a mouthguard recommended by your orthodontist is essential to prevent injuries and damage to your braces. Additionally, consider wearing a helmet if your activity involves the risk of head injuries. Be cautious and aware of your braces while participating in sports and physical activities to ensure your safety.


Properly taking care of your braces is a significant part of your orthodontic journey. By following the guidelines outlined in this blog, you can ensure the success of your treatment and protect your investment in your smile. Remember that good oral hygiene, regular check-ups, and a braces-friendly diet are key elements in maintaining healthy teeth and gums while wearing braces.

At Teeth Care Multispeciality Dental Clinic, we're here to support you every step of the way. Our experienced orthodontists are dedicated to helping you achieve the smile you've always wanted. If you have any questions or concerns about your braces or orthodontic treatment, don't hesitate to reach out to us.

If you're ready to embark on your journey to a beautifully aligned smile or need guidance on your current orthodontic treatment, contact Teeth Care Multispeciality Dental Clinic today. Our team of experts is here to provide the care and support you need to achieve the smile of your dreams. Schedule your consultation now, and let us help you achieve a lifetime of healthy and confident smiles. Your smile is our priority!

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